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How to Prevent Kidney Stones?

In this article, we will discuss ways to prevent kidney stones. Anyone who’s had a kidney stone will tell you that they’re one of the worst medical problems you can ever experience. It is astonishing to know that in the United States, about a million people are treated for kidney stones every year. The percentage of adult men is almost 12% and around 6% of adult women. Making men more susceptible to kidney stones. The incidence of kidney stones has been increasing over the past 30 years as recorded all over the world.

Kidney stones are not a cause of anything else, But majorly a bad lifestyle and wrong eating habits are the things which lead one to suffer from kidney stones. It also commonly observed that men suffer more from kidney stones than women. And the bad news here is that, once you’ve had one kidney stone, you’re 50 percent more likely to get another within the next 10 years. The best cure here is always to look at some precautions to prevent kidney stones. These simple things if done effectively will help to prevent kidney stones. It will also help your kidneys to remain healthy for the longest time.

prevent kidney stones

Kidney Stones: Know More

These stones are nothing but hard mineral deposits inside your kidneys. While these stones themselves are painful enough, they can lead to more serious conditions. This includes obstruction of the urinary tract, permanent damage to the kidneys, and even life-threatening infections.В  Kidney stones actually form when the kidneys are not able to process and excrete waste, excess minerals, and toxins and crystals of unprocessed minerals begin to develop.

High fructose consumption is linked with an increased excretion of calcium, oxalates and uric acid. These are all associated with increased risk of kidney stones. Soft drinks with phosphoric acid significantly increase calcium excretion and kidney stone formation. All these products contain high levels of fructose and phosphoric acid. These are the main cause for those kidney stones. Decreasing the intake of these products or avoiding them altogether can help prevent kidney stones to a large extent.

Home Remedies to Prevent Kidney Stones:

The below methods will go a long way in helping your body to function with healthy kidneys for a long time. These are essential for your overall well-being as well. Opt for these:

Add Lemon to The Water

Having lemon every day and adding the juice of a lemon in some water will do you a lot of good. Drinking a warm, glass of lemon water first thing in the morning every single day will help prevent kidney stones from affecting you for a long, long time. The main reason why lemon water is helpful in reducing stone formation is because of its citric acid content. It reduces the amount of calcium available to form calcium oxalate stones as the citric acid binds with calcium in the body. It inhibits the development of both calcium oxalate and uric acid stones and thereby makes the urine less acidic. You can also simply add a few drops of lemon juice to a liter of water and keep sipping throughout the day. This also helps a lot in preventing kidney stones and helping your kidneys to work at their optimum best.

Moderate Salt

Adding less salt will go a long way in preventing kidney stones and helping the kidneys to function at their full potential. An increase of salt in your foods is bound to make you suffer from a lot of complications, including kidney problems and cholesterol as well. Formation of kidney stones is prevented by eating sodium-rich foods as they increase the calcium content in your urine.

This is also linked to an increase in the amount of urinary protein, which is one of the causes for a kidney disease as well. In order to excrete the excess sodium in your body, the kidneys need to work a lot harder. The recommended amount of salt is no more than 5 grams a day in order to prevent kidney stones. For people, who are prone to kidney stones, they need to reduce their salt intake even more. Instead, use a healthier salt substitute like sea salt, herbs, and spices to prevent kidney stones altogether.

Eat More Carbohydrates

While carbohydrate is not an essential micronutrient in the most basic biochemical description. A very low carb diet can lead to profound health problems in certain individuals. Most of the times this is linked with depressed thyroid function, nutrient deficiencies like scurvy, and even insulin resistance in some people. It has been observed that low carb diets can make the urine more acidic. This is due to the excessive amount of protein metabolism, potentially leading to the uric acid stone formation.

Also, if you’re not getting enough vitamin C in your diet and your vitamin C needs are increased on a low carb diet, you may be unintentionally contributing to stone development. A minimum of 20% to 30% of energy intake coming from carbohydrates is essential to prevent kidney stone formation. For a moderately active woman eating 2,000 calories per day, that’s 100-150 grams of carbohydrate from fruits, starchy vegetables like potatoes and sweet potatoes, white rice, and some dairy if tolerated.

Reduce Fructose

It has been observed that higher intake of fructose can interfere with our metabolism. This may mediate many of the abnormalities seen in the metabolic syndrome, including elevated triglycerides, due to increases in uric acid production. While fructose in naturally occurring amounts is relatively benign, fructose is commonly found in our food supply. This present as a sweetener and is often touted as a natural additive to certain foods. A high level of fructose intake not only produces excess uric acid, but it also reduces its excretion in the urine.

Fruit fructose is not a problem, but make sure you’re not using high fructose sweeteners like agave or drinking high quantities of fruit juice in your daily life. Doing this and preventing an intake of high carbonated drinks will go a long in preventing kidney stones in your body. One reason why most young adults have lately been seen suffering from kidney stones is because of the large amounts if carbonated drinks. Not only this but other canned drinks they tend to drink on a regular basis.

Stay Hydrated

Water intake helps the kidneys flush metabolic waste out of the body that could otherwise concentrate into crystals leading to stones. It is really essential to keep a tab on the amount of water you drink every day. This should neither be less nor should it be too much otherwise the kidneys will have to function a lot more. It is essential to know here that insufficient water intake can cause significant damage to your kidneys. This even put you at a higher risk of developing kidney stones. A healthy adult must try to drink at least 10 to 12 glasses of water daily. This is to keep the kidneys healthy and to prevent kidney stones. The color of the urine will help you here. Dark-colored urine that persists throughout the day indicates more concentrated urine and lack of adequate water intake.

Eat Less Animal Protein

Uric acid and calcium oxalate kidney stones can be the result of high uric acid in the body. Foods high in animal protein is acidic and may increase urine acid. This is one of the reasons why, vegetarians are known to suffer less from kidney stones than most non-vegetarians. Even if you are a non-vegetarian and love eating these protein rich, non-veg foods, then you should try and limit their intake in your diet. Eating these foods on a regular basis is surely going to make you suffer from kidney stones. These foods also limit the normal functioning process of our kidneys. This starts impacting the kidneys and that does not help prevent kidney stones at all. So for the best reasons – beef, poultry, fish, and pork should be avoided or eaten in moderation in order to prevent kidney stones from developing in the body.

Avoid Vitamin C Supplements

According to one 2013 study, men who took high doses of vitamin C supplements doubled their risk of forming a kidney stone. But this does not mean that vitamin C intake is the cause of kidney stones. It just means that taking supplements for vitamin C rather than natural vitamin C foods is the culprit behind the formation of those kidney stones. Intake of vitamin C supplements may cause kidney stones. This is more in men as compared to most women. So try and limit or avoid intake of vitamin C supplements altogether. On the other hand, you can eat gooseberries, oranges and other vitamin C-rich foods in your diet. Drinking lemon water daily will also help to give you the necessary intake of vitamin C. It helps to prevent kidney stones to a large extent.

Limit Oxalate-Rich Foods

It is mandatory for people who have a higher risk of developing kidney stones to eat oxalate-rich foods in moderation at all times. Also, keep your vitamin C intake to appropriate levels as too much of this vitamin may turn into oxalate. It is important to know that Oxalates prevent absorption of calcium in your body. This in turn forms calcium-oxalate kidney stones in most people. Eating too much oxalate-rich foods can increase your risk of kidney stones. This is regardless of age groups. Foods like, spinach, kale, Swiss chard, rhubarb, beets, okra, celery, chocolate, soy milk, and strawberries should be avoided. Limiting the intake of these foods in your diet will really help in preventing kidney stone formation.

Limit Sugar and Artificial Sweetener Intake

Sugar is one of the reasons for a lot of problems in our body. However, here the problem is with too much sugar. Adding an adequate amount of sugar in your diet won’t do any harm. But taking it in large amounts will certainly do you a lot of harm. High sugar intake may unbalance the mineral relationship by interfering with calcium and magnesium absorption.

One should totally avoid having fructose found in table sugar and high fructose corn syrup. You can certainly use organic honey or stevia for any of your requirements. Drinks that have high sugar content, including from high fructose corn syrup, can also lead to kidney stones. These are actually not good for your kidneys as they contribute to a decline in kidney function and affect the kidneys badly. All this will help to prevent kidney stones for the longest time.

Exercise Daily

Maintaining a healthy body weight at all times is crucial for preventing kidney stones altogether. Exercising on a daily basis, even a simple brisk walk of 30 minutes is bound to do a lot of good to your body. Maintaining healthy body weight is really important if you want to prevent kidney stones in your body. Furthermore, obesity is associated with unhealthy diet or binge eating habits. This often includes fatty foods, refined sugars and low fluid intake. All of these are bad for your kidneys. Exercise on a daily basis reduces the risk of many things that are associated with kidney stones.

On the other hand, being overweight increases your risk of developing kidney stones, so include exercise in your daily routine to drop some pounds and maintain a healthy weight. It is really important for everyone to indulge in mild to moderate physical activity for 30 minutes, 5 times a week, to fight obesity and maintain a healthy body weight. This is really important to prevent kidney stones from being formed.

Eat Plenty of Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables benefit us in a lot of ways. Adding a lot of fruits and vegetables will help prevent a lot of diseases from settling in your body. It’s important to know that almost all of these are rich in magnesium, fiber, potassium, citrate and antioxidants. These may help prevent kidney stones from being formed. If you are prone to kidney stones, eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables every day. This is for preventing kidney stones. It has also been found that the Magnesium in these fruits and vegetables is very important for your body’s absorption and assimilation of calcium. Magnesium also prevents calcium from combining with oxalate. This is a key factor in kidney stones in the body.

Avoid Use of Fluorinated Water

A 2001 study published in Urological Research suggests that drinking water with high levels of fluoride is associated with kidney stones. Drinking fluorinated water may also increase your risk of developing kidney stones. Too much fluoride leads to discolored and mottled tooth enamel, known as dental fluorosis in people. In order to prevent kidney stones and avoid all these above problems. You must only drink water free from fluoride on a daily basis. Also, always try and drink water which is at room temperature. Avoid drinking water which is too cold even in summers as that is ideally not benefiting our body at all. All this will help prevent kidney stones for a long time.

All the above methods will go a long way to prevent kidney stones from being formed in your body. These will also furthermore help in keeping the kidneys healthy and will really help in preventing you from suffering from any kidney diseases as well.