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How to Heal a Burn?

In this article, we will discuss about remedies to heal a burn. Burns are something that we tend to come across in our day to day life by their severity is different for every condition which ranges from First degree to third degree major burns. Minor burns are the ones which damage only the top epidermal layer of the skin. The burn makes the area red and painful when comes in contact with the cause of burn. Minor burns are often referred to asВ first-degree burnsВ or superficial burns. They can be caused by contact with hot fluids or objects, steam, or sun exposure. All these factors are involved in our everyday chores.

Minor burns can sometimes develop painful blisters if not treated timely or in the correct manner. Many natural remedies are available which can promote the healing of the wound and minimize pain. Minor burns typically heal within a few days or can last for up to three weeks depending on the severity of burn.

natural remedies to heal a burn

On the other hand, third degree burns are always severe and treated under doctor’s supervision. Thirds degree burns are usually a results of some accident or mishappening. Below are a few tips that are to be followed for various types of burms:

For All Burns

  1. Stop Burning Immediately
  • Move away the person’s contact with the cause of burn.
  • Help the person “stop, drop, and roll” to smother flames.
  • Remove smoldering material from the person’s contact.
  • Remove hot or burned clothing from the burnt area.
  • If clothing sticks to skin, cut or tear the clothing.
  1. Remove Constrictive Clothing Immediately
  • Take off the jewelry, belts, and tight clothing.
  • Burns can swell quickly.
  • Then take the following measures:

For First-Degree Burns (Affecting Top Layer of Skin)

  1. Cool the Burn
  • Place the burned skin under cool (not cold) running water or simply immerse in cool water until the pain subsides and the inflammation soothes.
  • You can also use a cold compress if running water is not available or effective.
  1. Protect the Burn
  • Cover the burned area with sterile, non-adhesive bandage or clean cotton cloth.
  • Do not apply any butter or ointments. This can cause infection, making the injury more severe.
  1. Treat the Pain
  • You can always give over-the-counter pain relievers such in order to heal a burn. These include ibuprofenВ (Advil,В Motrin),В acetaminophenВ (Tylenol), orВ naproxenВ (Aleve).
  1. When to See a Doctor

Seek medical help in case of the following:

  • You witness signs of infection, like inflammation, redness, swelling, fever, or oozing from the wound.
  • The person will also needsВ tetanusВ or booster shot, depending on date of last injection. Tetanus booster should be given in the duration of every 10 years for better safety.
  • Redness and pain lasts more than a few hours.
  • Frequency of the pain worsens.
  1. Follow Up
  • The doctor will examine the burned spot and may also prescribeВ antibioticsВ and painВ medication in order to help heal a burn effectively.

For Second-Degree Burns (Affecting Top 2 Layers of Skin)

  1. Cool the Burn
  • Immerse the area in cool water for a good 10 or 15 minutes.
  • Use a cold compress if running water is not available or effective.
  • Do not apply ice. It can lower theВ body temperatureВ and cause further damage to the skin.
  • In case the blisters tend to form, do not poke theВ blistersВ or apply butter or ointments. Doing this can infect the wound.
  1. Protect the Burn
  • You can cover the burned area loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage and secure in place with gauze or paper tape.
  1. Prevent Shock
  • This is to be done if in case the person has a head, neck, or leg injury, or it would cause discomfort:
  • Ask the person to lay the person flat.
  • Elevate the feet about 12 inches.
  • Elevate the burn area aboveВ heartВ level, if possible.
  • Cover the person with a coat or blanket.
  1. Consult the Doctor
  • The doctor will test the severity of burn and prescribeВ antibioticsВ and pain medications. He will also administer aВ tetanus shot, if needed.

For Third-Degree Burns

  1. Call 911
  2. Protect Burn Area
  • Cover loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage or, for large areas use a sheet or other material that that will not leave lint in the wound.
  • Separate burned toes and fingers with dry, sterile dressings.
  • Do not soak burn in water or apply ointments or butter as this can cause infection.
  1. Prevent Shock
  • This is to be done if in case the person has a head, neck, or leg injury, or it would cause discomfort:
  • Ask the person to lay the person flat.
  • Elevate the feet about 12 inches.
  • Elevate the burn area aboveВ heartВ level, if possible.
  • Cover the person with a coat or blanket.
  • For an airway burn, do not place pillow under the person’s head when the person is lying down. This can close the airway, making it difficult for the person to breath.
  • If the person has a facial burn, make the patient sit up.
  • Check theirВ pulseВ and breathing in order to monitor for shock until emergency help arrives.
  1. See a Doctor
  • The Doctors will give oxygen and fluid, if required, and treat the burn.

Natural Remedies to Heal a Burn

Cold Water

Cold water is the easiest available remedy to heal a burn. In order to stop the burn from spreading, use running cold water over the burn area. Keep the burned area under the flow of water or immerse the area in water. Repeat for several minutes within seconds of being burned.

As an alternative, you can also place a cold compress over the affected area. Repeat this remedy every few hours in order to provide relief from the discomfort. Note: Do not use ice over the burned area as it can restrict the flow of blood. This can eventually cause damage to the delicate tissues of the skin. This makes it as one of the effective remedies to treat a burn.

Raw Potato

This is another excellent remedy to heal a burn. Raw potato can help to treat minor skin burns due to its naturally present anti-irritating and soothing properties. Using raw potato willВ alleviate the pain and reduce the chance of forming blisters.

  • All you need to do is, simply cut a slice of raw potato.
  • Rub the slice on the burn.
  • Make sure the juice from the potato is released over the area.
  • Another alternative is to grate a raw potato.
  • Squeeze out the juice and apply it on the affected area.
  • Keep it for about 15 minutes.
  • Using either of these remedies soon after the burn occurs will give effective results.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is known to have natural astringent and tissue-healing properties that can help to heal a burn and soothe the inflammation.

  • All you need to do is, cut a small piece of the aloe vera leaf and scoop out the gel.
  • Apply the gel on the affected area. Do not rub vigorously as this can worsen the pain.
  • You can also mix a teaspoon each of aloe vera gel and turmeric and then apply.
  • Turmeric having natural antiseptic properties will help to heal a burn.
  • If you do not have an aloe vera plant, you can also apply a cream that has aloe vera as an ingredient.

Coconut Oil and Lemon Juice

Coconut oil and lemon juice both can help to treat and heal a minor burn. This is because Coconut oil is known to be rich in Vitamin E and fatty acids such as lauric acid, myristic acid and caprylic acid. These natural acids offer anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-bacterial benefits when using to heal a burn and other skin problems. Lemon juice is also known to have natural bleaching properties that can help to naturally lighten the scars. This makes them as one of the best home remedies to heal a burn.

  • All you need to do is to take coconut oil and add a few drops of lemon juice to it.
  • Mix them properly and then apply it on the affected area to heal a burn effectively.

Honey

Honey is yet another effective home remedy which will easily disinfect the burn wound. All thanks to its natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties which will help to heal a burn and prevent infection. It also helps to reduce the chances of developing hypertrophic scars.

  • All you need to do is to spread honey on a gauze bandage and put it directly on the burned area.
  • Change the bandage every three to four times a day.
  • This will help top heal a burn naturally and effectively.

Black Tea Bags

Tea is yet another effective remedy to heal and burn and initiate the healing process of the wound. The tannins present naturally in black tea can help to draw out the heat from the burned wound and thus reduce the pain and inflammation caused in the area. All you need to do in order to use tea to heal a burn is to:

  • Steep three tea bags in a pitcher filled with warm water. Soak for a few minutes and then allow the solution to cool.
  • Now, soak a clean cloth in this solution and place it on the affected area.
  • Re-apply the soak as required.
  • Alternatively, you can also put the soaked tea bags directly on the burned area.
  • The natural astringent and antiseptic properties in tea can be very helpful in treating minor burns and preventing from infection.
  • This makes it as an effective home remedy to heal a burn and soothe the pain and inflammation in the area.

Lavender Essential Oil

Lavender essential oil is known to have natural antiseptic and painkilling properties which will help to heal a burn. The oil will also help to reduce the risk of scarring due to excessive burn. All you need to do is:

  • Add five drops of lavender oil to two cups of water.
  • Now, soak a wash cloth in this solution and use it as a compress. Repeat this several times a day to heal a burn.
  • As an alternative, you can also apply lavender oil directly to the burned area but using essential oils without diluting them is usually not recommended as this can sometime worsen the condition in case of sensitivity.
  • Another option is to mix honey and lavender oil to heal a burn.
  • You can mix a few drops of lavender essential oil in two teaspoons of honey and apply it on the affected area.
  • Repeat this remedy few times a day to heal a burn and soothe the pain.

Plantain leaves

Plantain leaves are known to be a popular remedy to treat and heal a burn. These leaves are found rich inВ the natural anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties which can further initiate the process of healing. This makes it as an effective home remedy to heal a burn. All you need to do is to:

  • Crush a few fresh plantain leaves to obtain a paste.
  • Now, spread the paste on the affected area and cover with a cotton cloth.
  • Reapply the paste when the area dries out.
  • Repeat the remedy until the inflammation soothes.

Onion Juice

Onion juice is known to have a component like sulfur compounds and quercetin. These are known to relieve the pain and help to heal a burn. It will also help to reduce the chances of blistering on the affected area in case of severe burns. All you need to do is to:

  • Cut a fresh onion and apply the juice on the affected burned area.
  • Since, after a few minutes’ onions lose their medicinal properties, it is advisable to only use freshly cut onions.
  • Repeat this process several times a day in order to heal a burn.

Additional Tips

  • You can also apply some white toothpaste or a regular non-mentholated shaving cream in order to heal a burn effectively.
  • As we have already mentioned this several times in the article, one should avoid applying butter, petroleum jelly, or egg whites to a burned spot. This is because it may trap the heat instead of drawing it out, further worsening the infection. Raw egg whites might also contain bacteria which can cause infection.
  • It is believed that applying ice can bring relief but this is simply not true. Ice is usually not recommended to apply ice on the affected area because it tends to slow the healing process.
  • In case the wound develops blisters then do not poke the blisters. Poking the blister may increase the risk of infection.
  • Never use adhesive dressings on the wound as this can peel off the burned skin, making the wound severe.
  • Try to protect the burn from friction.
  • Avoid re-injuring or tanning the affected area if it is yet to be completely healed.

The above remedies are only for minor and first-degree burns. For serious third degree burns, we recommend that you must see a doctor in order to get the best medical treatment. The same is suggested for electrical burns, or if a minor burn covers a larger area of the skin or even if the wound gets infected.

Call 911

Call the doctor in case of the following or any of the following:

  • The burn penetrates deep down the layers of theВ skin.
  • If the skin appears leathery or charred looking, with white, brown, or black patches.
  • The burnВ blisterВ is larger than two inches or starts to ooze.
  • If the hands, feet, face, or genitals are burned.
  • The burned person is anВ infantВ or a senior.